What Is Hijama?
Hijama is a therapy that comes from the Arabic root – sucking; vacuum. This therapy works with the body’s condition and balances it. The body may be suffering from sluggish organs, or be in need of detoxification, and either way Hijama is an effective treatment. Hijama therapy is even known to have helped women ovulate and thus, fall pregnant. As Hijama therapy directly removes a small amount of blood from the patient it also detoxifies the blood, stimulates the body’s immune system and helps blood to flow more freely. It is known to relieve pain including migraine and back ache and is also the best preventive treatment available.
How and When Is Hijama Therapy Performed?
In other alternative medicines Hijama is also known as cupping or bloodletting, but the difference between these and Hijama is that with Hijama only the surface of the skin is scratched and then glass cups are placed on the specific spot and a vacuum is made to gently draw the blood out. Kissoon commented, "We sent some samples of blood that were taken during Hijama treatment to a non-Muslim laboratory and the doctors there commented that the blood was highly toxic and unsuitable for a human being."
According to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) there are certain places on the body that should have this treatment even if the individual is well, as a preventive medicine. There are also recommended times to perform Hijama and other times when Hijama should not be performed unless there is necessity. According to the Sunnah it is recommended to have Hijama performed on the 17, 19, and 21 of the Islamic calendar, but if it is necessary it is permissible to do it. Also, according to the Sunnah, Hijama should be done at the back of the neck, and between the two shoulder blades as this connects the brain to the rest of the body and it brings oxygen into the brain and helps the body to repair itself. This is also the place where toxins accumulate. Moreover, it strengthens the lymphatic system. Some Syrian groups do Hijama on the two shoulder blades as opposed to the back of the neck, however, traditional Chinese medicine, as well as other ancient medicine, refer to the back of the neck.
What are the Islamic Basis of Hijama?
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Cupping is the most helpful procedure for human beings to cure themselves." (Al Bukhari, 5357, and Muslim 1577)
He (peace and blessings be upon him) also said, "If there is any good in your medical treatments, it is in the blade of the cupper, drinking honey….." (Al Bukhari, 5356, and Muslim, 2205)
Can we perform Hijama while Fasting?
With regards to hijama treatments throughout Ramadhan (month of fasting) : Abdullah ibn Abbas RA reported that the Messenger PBUH was cupped while he was fasting. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (5694)].
Anas ibn Maalik RA was asked: "Did you dislike cupping for the fasting person?" He said, "No except for the reason of one becoming weak." [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (1940)]. This is not affected by the hadeeth, "The cupper and the one being cupped have broken their fast." [Saheeh see Irwaa al-Ghaleel (931)]. This is because the hadeeth is abrogated as Sheikh al-Albaani and ibn Hazm (may Allah have mercy upon them) showed by the following hadeeth: Abu Sa'eed al-Khudhree T said, "The Messenger PBUH validated cupping for the fasting person." [Saheeh see Irwaa al-Ghaleel (4/74)]. It appears that cupping (hijama) is allowed but disliked as Anas ibn Maalik RA mentioned because the fasting person becomes weak if they perform cupping (hijama) and Allah knows best. It is not recommended to have hijama treatment whilst fasting as it can make one feel even more weeker, tired & lathergic, especially in the UK, as we'l fasting for aprox (19hours). One may feel the need to break their fast in order to intake nutrients/ energy back to their body to help mobilise blood flow
HOW MANY TREATMENTS WILL I NEED?
The number of treatments needed differs from person to person. For complex or long-standing conditions, one or two treatments a week for several months may be recommended. For acute problems, usually fewer visits are required, and for health .
ARE THERE ANY SIDE EFFECTS TO THE TREATMENT?
Usually not. As energy is redirected in the body, internal chemicals and hormones are stimulated and healing begins to takeplace. Occasionally the original symptoms worsen for a few days, or other general changes in appetite, sleep, bowel or urination patterns, or emotional state may be triggered. These should not cause concern, as they are simply indications that the acupuncture is starting to work. It is quite common with the first one or two treatments to have a sensation of deep relaxation or even mild disorientation immediately following the treatment. These pass within a short time, and never require anything more than a bit of rest to overcome.